The Type 055 Destroyer entered service with the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) in 2019. Although categorized by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as a destroyer, the Type 055 is actually much larger in both size and displacement than most US and Russian cruisers. As such, NATO has labeled the vessel a cruiser rather than a destroyer.
Country: People's Republic of China
Entered Service: 2019
Armament: HHQ-9 Long-Range Air Defense Missiles; JY-18 Anti-Ship Missiles; CJ-10 Land Attack Missiles; Anti-Submarine Torpedoes; 130MM Dual-Purpose Naval Gun; 30MM CIWS; HHQ-10 Short-Range Air Defense Missiles.
Propulsion: QC Gas Turbines (4), QD-50 Gas Turbines (6)
Max Speed: 32 Knots
Length: 180 M
Draught: 6.6 M
Beam: 20 M
Displacement (Full Load): 12,500 Tons
Constructed as a multi-role warship, the Type 055 can address threats in the sky above, on the surface, or deep below in the ocean depths. Each ship carries HHQ-9 long-range air defense missiles, JY-18 anti-ship missiles (ASM), CJ-10 land attack missiles, and anti-submarine torpedoes. Furthermore, the class boats a 130MM dual-purpose naval gun that can engage both air and ground targets. When air targets pierce the destroyer's protective bubble, a 30MM close in weapon system (CIWS) and HHQ-10 short-range air defense missiles serve as the ship's last line of defense.
Radar & Sonar Systems
The 055 can see far beyond the horizon with a Type 346B radar. Similar in function to the American SPY-1 Aegis radar, it can discover and track targets at impressive ranges. It is believed by western naval intelligence that this radar can also detect ballistic missiles. Adding to the destroyers lethality, the vessel also boasts the ability to share information with other friendly warships via datalink.
The 055 also boasts the ability to track subsurface targets with a bow-mounted sonar system and towed sonar array.
Powered by four QC gas turbines and six QD-50 gas turbines, the Type 055 has a maximum speed of 32 knots and effective range of 5,000 nautical miles (NMI).