Supreme People’s Court

The Supreme People’s Court (SPC) is the highest judicature in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). On paper, the SPC is an independent and unbiased body dedicated to the rule of law. In reality, the court is dedicated to the survival of the state and the Communist Party of China (CPC).

  • Chief Justice & President of the SPC: Zhou Qiang

  • Vice President: Shen Deyong

  • Number of Judges: 340 (Est.)

  • Formed: October 22, 1949


The court’s duties include approval of death sentences, approval of arbitration related matters, judicial interpretations of laws and legislation, and the deliberation of cases in either Beijing or circuit courts.