Central Military Commission

Updated: Mar 17

The Central Military Commission (CMC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) is the highest command echelon for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), People's Armed Police Force (PAP), and the People's Armed Forces Maritime Militia (PAFMM). Analysis conducted by The Intelligence Ledger indicates that the CMC may oversee nearly 6,750,000 uniformed and civilian personnel.

The CMC is technically two commissions, with one residing within the Communist Party of China (CPC) and another within the government of the People's Republic of China. The difference between these two groups is largely unimportant, however, as both are identical in membership and answer directly to Xi Jinping. This parallel structure is utilized to simply ensure the Communist Party retains control over the People's Liberation Army.


The Central Military Commission is composed of seven men that were selected due to a record of military excellence, ideological soundness, loyalty to the state, and commitment to the CPC.

XI JINPING - General Secretary of the CPC, President of the PRC

Xi Jinping is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and President of the People’s Republic of China. After entering the presidency on March 14, 2013, Xi utilized his positions as Chairman of the CMC to authorize a major reorganization of the national security apparatus of the PRC, including the PLA, PAP, and related government ministries. His tenure has also seen increased defense spending and procurement of enhanced combat platforms and systems for the PLA.

As of only three individuals to have their name enshrined in the PRC’s constitution, Xi is unlikely to be replaced as in the near future. As such, the CMC can be expected to continue the aggressive development of the national security capabilities of the PRC over the coming years.

ZHANG YOUXIA - PLAGF General, Vice Chairman of the CMC

Zhang Youxia is Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission and a General within the People's Liberation Army Ground Force (PLAGF). General Zhang is one of the few senior leaders within the PLAGF and wider PLA with combat experience as a veteran of the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War. Chairman Xi and Zhang purportedly enjoy a close working relationship, as both hail from the northwestern province of Shaanxi. Additionally, their faither fought alongside one another during the Chinese Civil War's final phase in the 1940s.

XU QILIANG - PLAAF General, Vice Chairman of the CMC

Xu Qiliang is the Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission and a General within the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). Since joining the Air Force at the age of 16, General Xu has skyrocketed to the top of his service. While Xu certainly is skilled at his profession, his personal connection to Xi Jinping may have played a major role in his appointment to the Vice Chairmanship, as worked with the current CMC Chairman previously in the province of Fujian.


Wei Fenghe is a member of the CMC and General within the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF). Described as driven and focused by those who have interacted with him, Fenghe has proven himself a useful asset to General Secretary Xi Jinping as he seeks to expand the PRC's influence abroad. Public reporting further indicates that Fenghe has been a major force for increase technological development of the People's Liberation Army as a whole.


Li Zuocheng is a member of the CMC and General within the PLAGF. General Li is one of the few PLAGF general officers with combat experience, as he served as a company commander during the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War. He received a First-Class Merit Citation from his commanders during the conflict for his actions during the conflict.


Miao Hua is a member of the CMC and Admiral within the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). Public reporting indicates Admiral Miao is head of the CMC's Political Work Department. This indicates the majority of his work centers around ideological enforcement and political commissars.


Zhang Shengmin is a Rocket Force general, Secretary of the CMC Commission for Discipline Inspection, Deputy Secretary of the State Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, and seat member of the CMC.