Kata’ib Hezbollah (KH) is an Iranian supported Shiite militia located in Iraq. Fiercely anti-American, the organization has repeatedly conducted operations against coalition forces since 2003. Although technically apart of the 45th Brigade of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), KH has directly challenged the ability of the Iraqi government to govern while simultaneously advancing Iranian objectives. KH has been designated by the United States as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO).